How does it impact and help individuals?
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) causes people to have difficulty maintaining stable relationships, lack self-control, and feel paranoia. What is Dialectical Therapy and its benefits to people who have relationship problems?
No one knows what causes it, but it is rooted in genetic, biological, environmental, and social factors. Here’s how DBT can help by integrating opposites. This means that specialists can accept patients as what they are while also acknowledging that they need to change to reach their goals.
Dialectical Behavioral Therapy
DBT is a dialectical behavioral therapy that is given to those who have a borderline personality disorder. This counseling operates within a framework of a dialectical model that balances opposites such as acceptance and change. Dialectical Behavior Counseling primarily focuses on acceptance-based strategies and problem-solving. Often, patients with BPD are described as “difficult to treat.”
Stacey Freedenthal, PhD, LCSW said, “The diagnosis of “borderline personality disorder” carries a profound stigma for many people. Even some mental health professionals use such term pejoratively, which is not difficult considering that a detection itself implies that someone’s personality is flawed.”
How does behavioral therapy significantly work?
dialectical behavioral therapy was initially intended for those who are suicidal and have extreme emotional issues. Because of this, therapy happens in stages.
DBT Stage 1 – Helps With Gaining Self-Control
The first stage of dialectical behavior therapy focuses on achieving some self-control over intense emotions such as anger. John M. Grohol, Psy.D. says, “An angry person is also a person who is less able to hear and react to others in an empathetic, helpful way. Instead, when we’re angry, we tend to shut down, put our defenses up, and answer back in a way that can be hurtful or uncaring.” People in the first stage must learn not to react impulsively or do things that can harm themselves or others. Thus, this dialectical behavior therapy stage begins with crisis intervention and safety.
DBT Stage 2: Addressing Different Unregulated Emotions
The second stage aims to recognize, label, and adjust one’s emotions. This DBT stage is essential for those who have borderline personality disorder not to bury or hide their emotional pain; instead, surface and explore them safely.
DBT Stage 3: Improving Relationships And Self-Esteem
During this dialectical behavior therapy stage, patients must become more aware of themselves and the people around them, and be attentive to the present moment. They must enhance their quality of life by being happy and stable. Building one’s self-esteem requires help from other people as they can vouch for and contribute to this process. Self-talk in increasing confidence, however, will not work as much since a person with borderline personality disorder would rely on much and believe others’ perceptions more than their own.
DBT Stage 4: Promote Joy and Connection
At the final stage, patients must learn how to interact with others assertively and can navigate conflicts. This dialectical behavior counseling stage’s goal is to up-level patients’ lives by maintaining their happiness and success.
Clinical Psychologist and relationship expert Molly Gasbarrini, Ph.D. explains, “We should examine inextricable role that self-love plays in any and all human connection.”
What To Expect
Dialectical behavior therapy treatment consists of skills group and individual treatment sessions. For the individual counseling sessions, the patients meet a trained expert one-on-one. This is to ensure all needs are being addressed. Through this, the patients stay motivated, as they apply skills to daily life, and solve problems that may surface over the period of counseling.
Counseling The Skills Group
On the other hand, this counseling skills group provides opportunities to learn and practice skills alongside other people who have a borderline personality disorder. Each of them is encouraged to share life experiences with the group and is expected to provide mutual support to each other. People will be led by their dialectical behavioral therapy expert who will oversee leading exercises and teaching new skills. Homework, such as practicing mindfulness exercises is given to all group members. During the course of this counseling, they will meet for six months, every week, and approximately two hours every group session.