Treating someone with anxiety is dependent on the type of anxiety disorder and one’s preferences. Often, treatment involves a combination of various forms of therapy and medications.
Anxiety disorder is prevalent among adults and children alike. Almost 20% of adults and 25% of young adults in America aged between 13 and 18 suffer from anxiety. The National Institute of Mental Health reported this. Additionally, more than 5% of teens suffer from anxiety disorders that are categorized as severe.
The major types of anxiety disorders include:
- Panic Disorder. This is characterized by constant panic attacks with symptoms such as trembling, sweating, choking sensation, shortness of breath, racing heart rate, and feelings of dismay and terror. These attacks occur abruptly and without warning. Individuals who have panic episodes are always afraid of anticipating the next episode, which causes them to limit themselves or modify their usual activities.
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder is marked by constant apprehension or anxiety. Individuals diagnosed with this condition are concerned about several things, like finances or health issues, and may experience an overall sense that something unpleasant is about to happen. Indications include irritability, restlessness, trouble focusing, a feeling of always being on edge, and finally, sleep problems, among others.
- Obsessive-compulsive Disorder. This type is described by obsessions or uncontrollable thoughts and feelings, along with rituals and routines are known as compulsions. Some typical examples are compulsive washing of the hands due to fear of dirt or germs or continuous checking for errors.
- Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. PTSD can occur following extreme emotional or physical trauma like a grave accident, a natural disaster, or a devastating crime. Indications include terrifying thoughts that disrupt a person’s daily routine for days, months, or even years after the tragic incident. Nightmares and traumatic flashbacks are also common symptoms of PTSD.
- Phobias are exaggerated fears about particular things (snakes or bugs, for instance) or circumstances (like flying or riding bikes) that are upsetting or invasive.
- Social Anxiety is also called social phobia. Individuals who experience this type of disorder are scared of social events in which they may feel criticized or humiliated. They are usually nervous when they are in social settings, and they are very self-conscious when facing a lot of people. They often worry that people around them will judge or offend them. Other typical symptoms include sweating, avoiding social events, excessive anxiety for days before a coming speech or event, and feeling jittery or dizzy in the middle of a social situation.
Frequently Asked Questions
What are the 6 types of anxiety disorders?
The six major forms of an anxiety disorder include specific phobia, social anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, generalized anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, and panic disorder.
What can you do for severe anxiety?
The usual management for anxiety entails therapy and psychological counseling. This may involve psychotherapy, including cognitive-behavioral therapy or a combination of CBT and counseling.
What is the best medicine for anxiety and panic attacks?
Medications such as Klonopin, Xanax, Ativan, and Valium effectively alleviate anxiety and panic attacks within 30 minutes to one hour. People who are experiencing a panic episode or a bout of severe anxiety often take these medications.
How can I get rid of anxiety?
Here are some healthy and safe tips to help you get rid of your anxiety:
- Avoid drinking too much caffeine and alcohol, which both increase anxiety.
- Eat healthy and well-balanced food.
- Get sufficient sleep
- Spend quality time with family and friends
- Practice deep breathing and counting
- Be physically active
- Do the best you can
What is bad anxiety?
Bad anxiety is officially a generalized form of anxiety disorder characterized by exaggerated tension and nervousness, even when there is no trigger.
What helps anxiety naturally?
Some tips that may help reduce your anxiety naturally include:
- Staying active. Exercising is great for emotional and physical health.
- Quitting smoking
- Avoiding too much caffeine and alcohol
- Getting enough sleep
- Practicing meditation, mindfulness, and deep breathing
- Eating healthily
What vitamins help with anxiety?
The most recommended vitamins and supplements for anxiety may include Ashwagandha, L-theanine, vitamin D, valerian root, and magnesium.
What to tell someone who has anxiety?
Here are some things that you can tell a person who has anxiety:
- Ask him what’s wrong and what’s worrying him.
- Encourage him after he has confided about what’s wrong.
- Provide support willingly and gently.
- Share some personal stories that are related to the person’s anxiety.
- Don’t forget to ask the person what he needs.
What is the strongest anti-anxiety pill?
The most effective anti-anxiety medications that can produce immediate relief are drugs called benzodiazepines. Among the popular benzodiazepines available today include Xanax, Librium, Klonopin, Ativan, and Valium.
How do you calm a panic attack?
To help you ground yourself when you have a panic attack, you can start drinking a glass of water and breathing deeply and calmly. You can take a short walk so you can forget the tension for a while. Save the taste of food or the smell of flowers. Finally, try to do something and keep moving to keep your mind off the negativity.
How do you describe an anxiety attack?
An anxiety attack is a strong feeling of losing yourself or going crazy. You develop chest pains and heart palpitations. You may have difficulty breathing and sense a fear of imminent danger nearby.
What happens during an anxiety attack?
The adrenaline rushes through your bloodstream, forcing your body to be on red alert. Your vitals, including your pulse and heart rate, increase, sending more blood throughout the muscular system. Additionally, your breathing becomes quick and shallow.
Does anxiety worsen with age?
Anxiety doesn’t essentially worsen with age, but the number of individuals that go through anxiety changes through time. Anxiety incidence increases with old age and is actually most prevalent in middle-aged individuals.
Managing an anxiety disorder is centered on prescription medication, lifestyle modifications, and psychological therapy. Treatment will vary for each individual and is dependent on the type of anxiety disorder that he has and the existence of other conditions.
Self-management is the initial step for dealing with anxious feelings and frequently entails having an active lifestyle, proper time management, and practicing relaxation strategies. If these actions do not help relieve anxious symptoms, consulting a doctor or mental health provider and seeking other treatment forms are equally wise options.
Also, if anxiety symptoms are already severed from the start, for instance, in the form of panic attacks, this is an indication that you need to be professionally treated. Cognitive-behavioral therapy and other types of therapies can help individuals adjust their responses to stressful life situations and triggers. Therapies can also help control misleading thoughts and replace negative ideations.
Finally, medications that can be used in conjunction with other treatments, including beta-blockers, benzodiazepines, and antidepressants, can definitely help control anxiety symptoms. They are recommended and controlled by your mental health provider doctor.